Research and Developmental (R&D)

Are you usual to hear Research and Developmental (R&D)?. Yups R&D, it is usually called. R&D is a research method which emphasizes to the proses of developing a certain material.

R&D as Research Method

As Borg said that R&D is a method used to develop and to validate the educational material. R&d much concerns to weaknesses of a certain material and develops it to a new material which is hoped better. R&D Has three steps to be concerned as its process

1. Exploration

In this step, the researcher needs to be concerned to explore the problems. The researcher can collect the documents, collect the data through many ways as example: interview and questionnaire. Based on Hermayawati, there are many ways to collect R&D data, they can be: pragmatic culture, linguistic aspect, linguistic skill.

2. Developing

In developing the model, the researcher needs to be creative towards the concept. What is actually the first concept of research. The concept he is covering these questions; (a) Who is the target; (b) what needs to be developed; (c) How to develop; (d) why to develop; (e) where to develop. Those questions should be answered as the first place, so your concept will be clear.

3. Experimenting

Hermayawati also design the steps to be conducted.

Prototype implementation —> evaluation —> revision —> the new prototype implementation —> evaluation —> revision —> and so on

Those steps needs the expert in a fixed field. Evaluation and revision must be the consideration of the expert in the field.

Why should the expert?

You can see books or article if it is enough. Experts are regarded as the experienced people. The can give their value to a certain work. The expert here must be in Doctoral degree, so the validity of the expert consideration can be valuable or valid.


Borg 1982

Hermayawati 2008

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